S. Narayanan

Energy is the lifeblood of modern development, and its efficient utilization is pivotal for sustainable progress. Haryana has been making remarkable strides in energy consumption and renewable energy adoption, positioning itself as a beacon of development in the country.

“With an annual per capita electricity consumption of around 2,670 units, Haryana stands out as one of the highest consumers of energy in India. This consumption level reflects the state’s robust economic activities and development initiatives. Despite its relatively small geographical size, Haryana ranks among the larger states in the country in terms of energy consumption.”

Solar energy and biomass serve as the main pillars of renewable energy in Haryana. Given its favorable geographical location and agrarian landscape, solar energy is abundant in the state. Additionally, with agriculture being a primary occupation, biomass production offers significant potential for energy generation.

To promote solar energy adoption, the Haryana government implemented the Haryana Solar Policy 2016, focusing on rooftop and off-grid solar systems. Currently, the state boasts an installed solar capacity of approximately 1,326.50 megawatts, including ground-mounted, rooftop, and off-grid solar installations. Furthermore, substantial subsidies are provided for solar pumps in the agricultural sector, leading to the installation of over 880,000 solar pumps, making Haryana a leader in solar pump initiatives nationwide.

Recognizing the vast biomass resources, the Haryana Bioenergy Policy 2018 was enacted to leverage agricultural residues for energy production. Annually, the state produces around 72 to 73 million tons of paddy straw, with a significant portion available for biomass utilization. The policy has facilitated the establishment of stubble-based biomass projects, with a total capacity of 50 megawatts, further enhancing the state’s energy diversification efforts.

Moreover, Haryana has ventured into small hydro projects, exemplified by the 73.2-megawatt capacity project in the Yunnan district. These initiatives align with India’s national goals of achieving 500 gigawatts of non-fossil fuel energy and deriving 50% of total energy consumption from renewables by 2030. Additionally, efforts are underway to reduce carbon emissions and intensities, aiming for net-zero emissions by 2070.

Also Read | Haryana Strides Towards Sustainable Energy Future

Haryana’s commitment to renewable energy extends beyond generation to energy conservation and efficiency. The state has secured the second national position in national energy conservation strategies, emphasizing its holistic approach to sustainable development. Furthermore, the implementation of electric vehicle policies underscores Haryana’s dedication to cleaner and greener energy alternatives.

In conclusion, Haryana’s journey towards sustainable development through renewable energy integration serves as a blueprint for other regions striving to balance economic growth with environmental stewardship. By harnessing the power of solar and biomass energy, coupled with innovative policies and initiatives, Haryana paves the way towards a brighter, more sustainable future.

Views expressed by – S. Narayanan, Director General, Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA), at the recently concluded 6th Elets National Energy Summit in Chandigarh.


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