e-Governance for All Spheres of Govt by 2020

Second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) has suggested implementation of e-Governance in all spheres, at all levels of government by 2020 and proposed a legal framework for it in its report. In order to check red-tapism and delays in delivery of services through the adoption of e-Governance this 186-page report suggested a lot of measures like the need for Mission Mode Project on Land Records to be carried out by utilising modern technology to arrive at a correct picture of land holdings, rectify outdated maps and to computerise the country's entire land records; through e-governance the aim is to promote the application of information and communication technology in government functioning to create Simple, Moral, Accountable and Transparent (SMART) governance.

The committee, in its effort to promote e-Governance has further observed that illegal immigration into the country was posing a serious threat to national security. So in this regard the committee suggested the issuing of unique identity cards to all citizens in the country. Infact the report pointed out that the Centre has already implemented a pilot project for a Multi-purpose National Identity Card (MNIC) in select areas of 13 districts in 12 states and one Union Territory. The report said that unique identity (ID) was expected to reduce significantly identity related fraud and allow for better targeting of government schemes. To start the process immediately, it is seen desirable to give unique IDs prospectively for all future births that take place in the country. As the system stabilises, this could then be extended to all citizens in a phased manner. Some of the districts covered under the project are Karimganj (Assam), Kathua (Jammu and Kashmir), Kachchh (Gujarat), Jaisalmer (Rajasthan), Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), West Tripura (Tripura), Murshidabad (West Bengal) and Ramanathapuram (Tamil Nadu).

Releasing the report at a press conference, panel chairman M Veerappa Moily said a legal framework was necessary in view of the 'mammoth dimension' of the task and the levels of coordination between the Centre and the states.