Government Multipurpose Card (GMPC) is the initiative of the Malaysian Government in providing the public with added convenience on a single smart card. The GMPC represents the fi rst step for Malaysians to an incredible transformation in their lives — in the way they work, communicate and do business. In future, the GMPC will become the common key to the information highway and other new business methods and processes that will be developed, including that of the other MSC fl agship applications
‘MULTIPURPOSE GOVERNMENT SMART CARD’ or KPPK or also known as MyKad is one component of the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives.The project is one of the seven major applications identifi ed to be developed by the Malaysian government in order to produce a world-class technology innovation. MyKad has initially been launched with its full application around MSC-KL, which is for Klang Valley area. Other than Klang Valley area, MyKad only provides one application, which is an identity card. The major challenge of this project is to develop a system and new processes that can fi t multipurpose security aspects, as well as integrating various applications from various government department and private sectors in a single card. Currently, there is no other such system launched throughout the world, hence the Malaysian Government should create and develop all the system, procedures and basic methodologies to attain objectives of implementing government multipurpose smart card based on intelligent card technology. ‘My’ in ‘MyKad’ is Malaysian Internet address while Kad is ‘Kad Akuan Diri’, which also means a card. So, MyKad is a Malaysian Government initiative to provide facilities for public through a single intelligent card for multi-application. Unlike other cards, MyKad integrates various government as well as private applications in a single card.
MyKad combines applications replacing two major government documents – Identity Card and Driving License. Currently, MyKad has several applications. MyKad replaces identity card with existing plastic cover. Compact with biometric chip technology with high security features, the number of identity card in MyKad is used to be an access key for another system applications. KyKad now functions as a driving license replacing the current driving license card. MyKad assists Enforcement Offi cer by revealing current record about driver’s detail. This application would be used by Jabatan Pengankutan Jalan (JPJ) offi cer and Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) police traffi c.
Besides functioning as Identity Card and Driving License, MyKad also consists of Malaysian passport information to facilitate exit and enter management to or from other country through Malaysian Immigration exit and enter door. However, MyKad would not be replacing passport because the passport is still needed while going abroad. MyKad technology would also facilitate diagnosis process and health awareness in public medication or even emergencies. This is because MyKad chip embeds basic and critical health information like blood type and allergies. MyKad would also function as e-Cash Card. It would ease the process of paying items or services especially, which involves small amount of money thus increasing effi ciency and provide facilities in business processes as well as public services and payments.
MyKad would also act as ‘Touch n Go’ card, and can be used at all places exhibiting Touch n Go logo as payment method in Malaysia such as toll in highways, bus services, commuter and LRT (STAR or PUTRA), monorail, parking, theme parks and other places. While acting as ATM card, MyKad would smoothen banking transactions. MyKad integrates various security features such as biometric verifi cation thus preventing data security from fraud and cloning. MyKad holder would be able to use the card at ATM terminals to withdraw cash, balance statement enquiry, change pin number and other facilities as provided by ATM. Regarding MyKad’s usage as Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), this infrastructure would entitle MyKad holder a key to operate Internet banking by using digital certifi cates. Verifi cation and integrity of data is preserved and can only be used by original My Kad holder. Information kept in MyKad chip is basic information needed for every MyKad application. Other detail information is kept in databases by enforcement bodies, which are not included in the chip. Information in the chip can be accessed using mini card reader or Mobile CAD.
E-DIESEL SYSTEM AND E-LANDING IMPLEMENTATION
Other than giving subsidy on petrol, the Government also gives discount for selected sectors to depreciate people’s burden especially those with low-income rate. Discount to subsidised oil price is given to public transport entrepreneur under ‘Sistem Pemberian Diesel Bersubsidi’ through a fl eetcard. 84% of public transport and consumer good transport are more than 275,900 transports are entitled to receive subsidised diesel price for RM1.43 per litre which means that 15 cents lower than the new rate of RM1.58 per litre for other consumers. Some 20 types of transports are entitled to use fl eetcard in 2771 petrol station all over the country. Those entitled transports are school bus, short distance bus, express bus, taxi, cargo lorry and etc. The person in charge for the transport is already given a letter by ”Kementerian Perdagangan Dalam Negeri dan Hal Ehwal Pengguna” (KPDN & HEP).
The government has also introduced e-Diesel System for fi shermen in fi sheries sector. Through this system, the government is giving subsidised diesel of RM1.00 per litre to about 18000 fi shermen in the country. Besides, about 15000 nearby beach fi shermen who use boat engine with petrol are also being given subsidised petrol at RM1.00 per litre starting from 1st June 2006 if registered with Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan Malaysia (LKIM).
Kementerian Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani will generate 100 sale centres throughout the country, which would be developed by LKIM. Subsidised diesel for boat passenger entrepreneur in urban Sabah and Sarawak has been reduced to RM1.20 per litre from 16th March 2006. The entrepreneur of Ulu Tembeling, Pahang, would also receive subsidised diesel at RM1.20 per litre after the method to channel the material is being fi nalised.
Through e-Diesel system, LKIM would sell the material electronically to ensure the supplies are sent through Persatuan Nelayan Kebangsaan (NEKMAT), which is using services from Persatuan Nelayan Kawasan (PNK). However, LKIM and NEK- MAT are still having diffi culties in infrastructure because they have just been given a supplier contract by government to avoid diesel smuggling activities to overseas. Earlier, the government introduced 48 diesel supplies licenses including to NEKMAT and deep sea fi shermen who owned personal jetty.
The use of e-Diesel card would be enforced throughout the country. All the boat owners insisting on buying diesel would be required to hand over the card that acts as an intelligent card with their name and boat registration number in it. LKIM spent RM10 millions to implement the system, which is placed in 200 jetties all over the country in order to cut-off diesel diversion.
Kementerian Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani would introduce two new technologies to uncover subsidised diesel misuse. The technologies are nanotechnology (oil signage) and e-Landing system. Nanotechnology is normally used in developing countries where nano materials are added into oil. Through this method, the ministry can detect diesel used by industrial party, which is actually the diesel that is sold illegally from fi shermen. Normal people won’t notice but authorised party would know how the diesel could be at different places.
“My’ in ‘MyKad’ is Malaysian Internet address while Kad is ‘Kad Akuan Diri’, which also means a card. So, MyKad is a Malaysian Government initiative to provide facilities for public through a single intelligent card for multi-application. Unlike other cards, MyKad integrates various government as well as private applications in a single card. Currently, there is no other such system launched throughout the world”
Through e-Landing, a new software is loaded into e-Diesel card, and fi shing records by certain boats would be discovered while refi lling diesel oil. Through LKIM rules and regulations, a fi sherman should declare his fi shing, which is fundamental to e-Landing system. Every time they go sailing in and out from the sea, they should report the amount of fi shing based on the size of the boat and when refi lling diesel, and have to prove fi shing. However, none of the fi shing result is found, they would have to explain where the oil was spent. The Government of Malaysia has spent RM45 million per month for e-Diesel subsidy, provided to fi shermen who are allocated 30000 litres diesel per month.
E-DIESEL AND E-LANDING IMPLEMENTATION BENEFITS
LKIM believes that by auditing subsidised diesel sale system (e-Diesel) for fi shermen, the smuggling syndicate could be effectively cut off. Audit process would involve thorough record of sending diesel from depot to PNK tank and also sale record from dedicated tank to those who owned e-Diesel card. Ever since e-Diesel system was introduced in January 2006, LKIM hasn’t implemented thorough audit, which involved NEKMAT and PNK. Through the audit, the weaknesses of LKIM, NEKMAT and PNK in adopting the system would possibly be traced. Consequently, it would also trace other party who might use the facilities for own purposes. Thus, those involved in corruption and bribery would also be effectively identifi ed.
The implementation of e-Diesel and e-Landing has resulted in fi rm action being taken against those involved in negative activites. Since last July some 97 fi shermen, who owned e-Diesel cards, have been blocked from buying diesel at the price of RM1.00 per litre, while three jetty managers of LKIM including fi ve PNK supervisors have been transferred because of smuggling activities because of the subsidy. The boat owner, mostly deep sea boats have been detected of neither misusing the facilities whether by selling it in the middle of the sea nor selling it to the third party at fi sh landfall jetty. The jetty manager of LKIM and PNK supervisors have been caught in abetting the boat owner by using e-Diesel card of other boat owner but fi lling up fuel into another fi shermen’s boat to gain extra profi t.
MYREALTOUCH: SYSTEM DESIGN FOR DIESEL PURCHASE CONTROL SYSTEM — DPCTNGO
The purpose of design development of MyRealTouch-DPCTn- GO system is to control buying of subsidised diesel by using one of the features in MyKad. Through the design, new application would be developed and hence it would optimise the use of MyKad and subsidised diesel diversion would be reduced. MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system uses special device, which is developed by for the purchasing controlling system that call MyRealTouch. MyRealTouch would enable scanning of MyKad with the same feature as ‘Touch n Go’, which is available in MyKad.
MyRealTouch is based on the management and access control. It also reuses the concept of attendance system whereby it is controlled by computer and is being implemented with microprocessor. Through ‘touch in and touch out’ attendance concept, the MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system would adopt the same concept. Each activity could be controlled by referring to the activity and record done by each individual. All the records are saved in a database. All data stored can be accessed, updated, analysed and deleted as needed.
MyRealTouch Device includes several features – It can be integrated with various smart card reader; real time smart card controlled and logged record; add, delete and update smart card users; log and record; and, interactive user interface (web-based system). The MyRealTouch- DPCTnGO system is designed to suit with current technology needs. It is a webbased system whereby all information that is touched with MyKad would be recorded and user identity would be identi- fi ed. Later, action would be taken to inform the jetty manager to manage diesel oil sales. When a fi sherman uses MyKad and ‘touch in’ at smart card terminal, then the fi sherman’s information would be identifi ed automatically. In fact, the maximum amount of diesel, which can be bought for the day would be displayed through computer terminal. After that, diesel oil can be sold and the time during ‘touch in’ would be recorded (date, day, time and amount of diesel bought).
The MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system would control the buying of diesel by recording ‘touch out’ time. Whether fi shermen goes to catch fi sh or not, he/she must land out all amount of fi shing at the same jetty. After fi sh landing is done physically, then the fi shermen must ‘touch out’ at MyReal- Touch Intelligent Device and the ‘touch out’ date, time and day will be recorded. After ‘touch out’, the fi sherman can buy diesel for the next fi shing activity and it depends on the daily quota set by LKIM. Whenever ‘touch out’ process isn’t done, the fi sherman would not permitted to buy the next subsidised diesel. This is because the system would automatically check date of ‘touch out’ before enabling the next ‘touch in’ activity. Record of buying and fi sh landing activity would be recorded. Analysis of buying activity and fi sh landing will be done. Data or information relevant to the amount of diesel supplies to buying centres or fi sh landing jetty can be controlled as well as the amount of diesel needed can be covered and identifi ed.
“The use of e-Diesel card would be enforced throughout the country. All the boat owners insisting on buying diesel would be required to hand over the card that acts as an intelligent card with their name and boat registration number in it. LKIM spent RM10 millions to implement the system, which is placed in 200 jetties all over the country in order to cut-off diesel diversion”
MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system is developed using Visual Basic 6.0, PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) and MySQL database. Visual Basic 6.0 software is used to develop smart card terminal software, PHP is used to develop web base application and MySQL is as a database for the system. MyReal- Touch-DPCTnGO system consists of several modules, which are fi sherman’s profi le module, touch-in and touch-out module, data processing module, access system of jetty manager PNK) module and report analysis and record module. It is hoped that MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system will assist PNK, LKIM and especially Government of Malaysia to recover the problem of subsidized diesel diversion.
In spite of everything, the system would not be affected if there exists some businessmen trying to get rid of gaining extra profi t. Thus as a user, everybody should react and do wisely in expenses. Everyone should balance out expenses based on information and must be accountable for all expenses done. People or individual should judge wisely and play role to cater the increasing expenses of the diesel. They should plan their expenses so that there’ll never overspend. Users should adapt to the lifestyle with what they can afford so that they would never be facing any fi nancial burden or social problem. They should use their power as a consumer in buying and selling at an affordable price. About 41% of energy uses are from transportation sector. Thus, one can plan travelling earlier, car pooling or using public transport so that we can save fuel expenses. It is hoped that with the alternative solution of MyRealTouch-DPCTnGO system based on ‘touch n go’ technology, the problem in subsidised diesel diversion for the fi shermen would be reduced as well as the use of MyKad application would be optimised.