By Dr. P. Sekhar, Chairman, Micro Tech Global Foundation
India is world’s seventh-largest country by area, and the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion population. The infrastructure challenge for India is unique with respect to dispersed users, substantial demand–supply gap and several critical implementation issues. Creation of infrastructure must be backed by reliable systems of service provision and maintenance. We need a system to integrate economic interdependence in today’s modern societies which not only decreases uncertainty regarding where risks begin and end, but also helps in judicious planning and development of new empowered, transparent and interdependent Governance systems with higher degree of society participation in nation building Process. Secured Governance is an ideal choice which equips to create adequate and coordinated measures to ensure the provision of financial, human, technical, information and other capacity building resources.
Land use and ownership are also key factors to consider when attempting understanding the developing city. In India Only 0.4% of land area is used for Living space with total area of 32,87,263 sq.km; and total land area of 29, 73,190 sq.km. In order to understand their particular characters, it is essential to situate them within this larger framework. Particularly in the developing world, the concepts of site and situation have influenced the pattern of urban development. Post-colonial nations contain some of the greatest areas of urbanization in which the patterns of urbanization are informed by a colonial past; most urban areas in the developing world grew with a much less rigid regulatory system.If we take population in 1947 we were at a population of 350 million, which currently stands to 1.2 billion, this indicates additional population of 850 Million has to be catered to without hampering our economic growth. It took India nearly 40 years (between 1971 and 2008) for the urban population to rise by nearly 230 million. It will take only half the time to add the next 250 million. Handled well, India can reap significant benefits from urbanization, the vast majority of which India could implement within next 5- 10 years.
Secured Governance offers a strategy for the government to get all the basic infrastructure development with a negligible investment, through a centralized selection process developer or set of developers (through private participation) will develop a “Techno Economic Hub” along with development of the primary sector in defined intervals divided in various clusters which includes infrastructures such as Residential complexes, Official and Industrial Facilities, Power and Water, Banking, Educational Institutes, Transport facilities and infrastructures , Healthcare, Hospitality Sectors, Retail Market, and many more). “Techno Economic Corridor” defines an economic linkage between major cities or developing region, connecting various Secured Governance Hubs contributing to primary sector and supported by subsidiary sectors which includes many initiatives and development plans in and around the two nodal connecting regions.
Secured Governance with Techno-Economic Corridors which could start with 200 Hubs in various Indian states which could get over INR 2,00,000 crore investment, wherein each Hub seeking an average investment of INR 1000 – 1200 crores. Much of the investments would come from Private sector and would have a spiraling effect on National Economy. SG concept is being developed within the scope of the existing guidelines and norms of the government. It facilitates equal opportunity for Private sector and government to work together with a single window clearance system to achieve greater results to bring National progress with profitability to the participating organizations. This draws up business plans based on growth potential of infrastructure segments wherein private institutions will act as partners to Government to foster coordination and create defined clusters of Township.
Various sets of criteria serve as an evaluation tool to identify areas with potential for development and opportunities within each of the Secured Governance Hubs depending upon its nature. Forward and backward linkages within the economy would also be strengthened, and a unique opportunity could be created for utilizing the by-products of different economic sectors, for beneficiation and value-addition.
About the Author:
Mr. P. Sekhar is an innovative thinker and a security expert with vast experience as an entrepreneur. He has authored a series of books on security requirements of India and various Indian states.