Elets Technomedia organised a three-day India Transformation Summit from July 10 to July 12 to highlight how India is paving its way to development. Avinash Mishra, Advisor, NITI Aayog attended the summit and delivered his address on ‘Innovations in Governance During COVID-19’.
Mr Mishra began by highlighting the fact that apart from COVID pandemic India is facing a major economic crisis. Hence, there is a dire need to bring in major changes in governance to bring the dwindling economy back on track.
Mr Mishra said, “To help the cause we announced an agrarian fund worth Rs 1 lakh crore to help the farmers for their post-harvest expenses. And, more such innovative measures were taken but prior to this we had to ensure enough supply of water to meet the domestic, agriculture, and industrial needs.” Aatma Nirhar Bharat Abhiyan can only be possible with the availability of land and water, he added.
Adding on to the availability of water, he said, “As we know that the distribution of water in all across the sector is very skewed. The agriculture alone consumes 89 percent of water which needs attention. There are ways and methods by which this heavy consumption can be reduced. We started awareness programmes for farmers and one such programme is ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’. Under this we tried to sensitize the farmers and various other stakeholders at state-level, district -level and even at the panchayat- level about how more water can be conserved.”
Moreover, strengthening the move to conserve water, Mr Mishra further talked about ‘Catch the Rain’ – where it falls, when it falls campaign. He told the attendees that the ministry is taking measures to train the people and sensitize them on rainwater harvesting and capturing more and more rainwater. “Similarly, if we want industrial development to happen and to be self-reliant then it is very essential that the land and water is easily available to the industries setting in”, Mr Mishra pointed out.
“Hence, to resolve water issues we are trying to reuse and recycle the water to the most extent so that it can be supplied wherever it is needed. Subsequently for the land, recently, NITI Aayog has come up with a conclusive land titling model act and rules. Also, the model agriculture land easing policy has been developed by us and the act has been shared with the states”, he added.
Continuing on states taking actions on land policy Mr Avinash Mishra said, “Some forward-looking states like Uttar Pradesh have come up with a norm that if a farmer owns agricultural land, he is allowed to use it himself or collaborate with someone for setting up dairy, or godown, industry. This will really empower the people of that area economically.”
Mentioning of recently passed ordinances which empowers te farmers, he said, “Recently, ordinances have been passed which allows the farmers to sell their produce wherever they find better price across the country. Hence, not limiting the farmers to mandis for selling their produce.”
Speaking on Panchayati Raj, Mr Mishra said, “There various rural houses or also known as ‘Abadi houses’ are not on records. So, these people cannot take loan from banks on the guarantee of the houses, therefore, NITI Aayog started ‘Rural Swamitva Yojana’ wherein the rural property will be recorded and thereafter it will be bankable.”
Further, talking about the dairy sector, he mentioned that the government is planing o offer more incentives and benefits to the people. However, in the tourism sector, the government is planning to provide enhanced facilities and various tax exemptions. Further, it has been noticed that outbound tourism in India is much higher than the inbound tourism so we are trying to bring those wanting to visit foreign countries to visit more places in India. Moreover, eco-tourism is being promoted which is already a popular aspect among the tourists today as most of the people are residing in cities. Also, this helps in making people understand the significance of nature and help to conserve natural resources and forests.
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Moreover, the solid waste generation is a rising problem and keeping this in mind, NITI Aayog has developed a model concession agreement which has been shared and uploaded on the e-government portal. This will help the ULBs to rope in private players for effective management of solid waste. We have also developed a model concession agreement for liquid waste and faecal sludge management.
Closing his address, he said, “All these initiatives are really working ad we are quite sure that these will bring back the economy on track.”