The Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Astrophysics is scheduled to launch Aditya-L1, India’s first solar mission, to survey the sun from a position 1.5 million kilometres from the earth by the middle of this year.
The Institute has handed over the primary payload to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for integration with the other payloads on board the satellite. The mission was delayed several times due to the pandemic.
The satellite will be launched on Thursday by the nation’s dependable rocket, Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, according to ISRO Chairperson S Somanath, who also unveiled a 3D model of the payload.
Somanath claimed that the chronograph’s sophistication and what it was meant to accomplish required 15 years to create, and he added that a 50-year road map of scientific missions and explorations was necessary.
According to him, scientists should develop innovative initiatives that no other nations have attempted, even ones that appear to be impractical.
Among the other seven payloads created to research various features of the sun, including solar wind acceleration, the atmosphere, and the genesis of coronal mass ejection, the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) is the most crucial payload.
To obtain an uninterrupted and continuous view of the sun, the satellite will move to the L1 (Lagrange) point between the sun and the earth.
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Parking spots in space are the five Lagrange points that exist between any two astronomical objects. The force needed to keep a celestial body in orbit is equal to the gravitational pull of the body itself. As a result, a satellite can stay in any two Lagrange points between celestial bodies without using any fuel.