Adventure tourism gains much of its excitement by allowing its participants to step outside of their comfort zone. This may be from experiencing culture shock or through the performance of acts, requiring significant efforts and involving some degree of risk (real or perceived) and/or physical danger, writes Rakesh Joshi, Chief Instructor, Disaster Mitigation & Management Centre, Almora.
A – Adaptability
D – Desire and Determination
V – Vision and Values
E – Experience
N – Natural Curiosity
T – Teamwork and Trust
U – Unlimited Optimism
R – Risk Ability
E – Exceptional Performance
Adventure travel is a type of tourism, involving exploration or travel to remote, exotic and possibly hostile areas, where the traveler should “expect the unexpected”. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity, as tourists seek different kinds of vacations. According to the US-based Adventure Travel Trade Association, adventure travel may be any tourist activity, including two of the following three components: a physical activity, a cultural exchange or interaction and engagement with nature.
Adventure tourism gains much of its excitement by allowing its participants to step outside of their comfort zone. This may be from experiencing culture shock or through the performance of acts, requiring significant efforts and involving some degree of risk (real or perceived) and/or physical danger. This may include activities such as mountaineering, trekking, bungee jumping, mountain biking, rafting, zip-lining and rock climbing. Other rising forms of adventure travel include social tourism, jungle tourism and overland travel.
Adventure tourism gains much of its excitement by allowing its participants to step outside of their comfort zone. This may be from experiencing culture shock or through the performance of acts.
Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climb up or across natural rock formations or man-made rock walls with the goal of reaching the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a pre-defined route. Rock climbing is similar to scrambling (another activity involving the scaling of hills and similar formations), but climbing is generally differentiated by its need for the use of the climbers hands to hold his or her own weight and not just provide balance. Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding sport, one that often tests a climbers strength, endurance, agility, and balance along with his or her mental control. It can be a dangerous sport and knowledge of ; proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safe completion of routes.
Rafting or whitewater rafting is a challenging recreational activity utilizing a raft to navigate a river or other bodies of water. This is usually done on whitewater or different degrees of rough water, in order to thrill and excite the raft passengers. The development of this activity as a leisure sport has become popular since the mid 1970s.
Used for familiarisation of free flight, is an activity in which a modified Parachute is attached to a person and pulled by a vehicle. The resultant force pulls the pilot up in the air. A flat open space approximately 400 Meters or longer can be used for this activity.
Hang gliding is another adventure sport that combines the thrill of an extreme sport and the grace of a bird. A gradual slope of 30 Degrees (from the horizontal) is used for ground training and the pupil is slowly taken higher till he has gained enough proficiency to attain high flight.
Scope and Impact of Adventure Sports
Being very environment friendly, sports cause almost no damage to the air, water or land. Adventure sports can collectively boost the economy of a region without causing any damage to the surroundings. Adventure sports activities are considered the safest way of promoting tourism by many advanced nation without damaging the ecology.
Various other benefits due to adventure activities include development of hotels/caterers, transporters, souvenir shops and host of other services providing employment directly or indirectly to the people by the adventure sports organisations.