The purpose of door to door garbage collection is to strengthen the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) collection system in the area of the urban local body. As per the revised Sanitation, Cleanliness and Waste Management practice of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC), Hyderabad, vehicles or tricycles are supposed to collect household waste from doorsteps of the residents, writes Aftab Hanifee, Assistant Engineer, GHMC.
The main objective of this system has been the implementation of the Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules 2016.
The other objectives are related to creating awareness towards overall conditions of health of the residents and hygiene of the city. It also aims at improving the environment by a timely collection of waste from every residence and shop on a daily basis.
“The average increase in MSW reaching the processing site, from 3,500 MT per day to 4,500 MT per day in past one year due to increased collection efficiency. In this way, GHMC saves a lot of resources.”
Reduction in the number of placing big dumper containers at certain spots will eventually help in less number of stray animals moving around container spots and reduce air and water pollution due to filthy smell and overflow of semiliquid waste.
After 2014, GHMC greatly transformed the way of collection and transportation of waste. Majority of the garbage from residences in GHMC areas is collected from Swachh Auto Tippers. These auto tippers carry the garbage to transfer station where the garbage is shifted to the larger capacity vehicle (25 tonnes) to reduce the transportation cost.
And the places where it is not feasible to collect waste from tippers due to space constraints, tricycles and wheel barrows are deployed in that area. The waste collected by tricycles and hand cart are dumped into the compactor bins. Specialised operation compactor vehicles collect the waste from compactor bins and transfer it to 25 tonne vehicles in transfer stations. 22 transfer stations are strategically constructed all over the GHMC to reduce the transportation cost.
Outcome of door to door garbage collection
The average increase in MSW reaching the processing site, from 3,500 MT per day to 4,500 MT per day in past one year due to increased collection efficiency. In this way, GHMC saves a lot of resources.
The two compartments of Swachh Auto Tippers facilitated increased efficiency of collecting segregated waste i.e., both WET and DRY. Hence, it has increased the possibility to extract the resources e.g. recycling of paper, plastic and composting of organic waste and reduces the load on landfills.
Strengthening of livelihood opportunities to rickshawpullers is the major outcome of this initiative.