Communication is the means by which people create their identity, both individual and collective. It underlies our sense of community and our sense of difference. In community radio, skills, sound, music and speech can be recorded, edited and produced using software tools with an intuitive user interface. Computers become devices for achieving creative production goals rather than tools for business and public administration.
Introduction of community radio
The press law signed by the President Hamid Karzai in September, 2002 paved the way for independent radio stations in the country. Prior to that, even before the war and Soviet invasion, radio was a state monopoly and community radio did not exist. Now community radio in
In 2003-'04, Internews set up 15 independent radio stations in Afghanistan under its media development programme. This year, Internews is setting up 20 more as part of a national network of independent local radio stations and programming.
All of these 15 radio stations began broadcasting Internews' national programme initiative Salaam Watandar, a three hour daily program of news and entertainment, delivered to the stations over satellite. Salaam Watandar includes the popular Ba
Khabar news program with a team of journalists, reporting from around the country as well as programmes on health, education, human rights and music. Currently, 43 per cent of the population is within the footprint of a locally-broadcast Salaam Watandar signal. Finally, Salaam Watandar is also broadcast on VTMerlin shortwave 11,795 kHz from 6AM-7.30AM and at 17,700 kHz from 6PM-7.30PM.
Contents of community radio
Three of the above mentioned radio stations, Radio Zohra, Radio Rabia Balkhi and Radio Sahar are women oriented radio stations and are supported by IMPACS, a Canadian NGO as the main partner and Internews as technical partner. These stations focuses on women's affairs, health, education, children, parenting, leadership, and community issues.
In light of the upcoming national election in 2004, the stations will also educate women about the political and electoral process and the significance of women's participation as voters and decision-makers.
The purpose of women station is “to give women a greater voice and to link and educate women around
Radio stations in
Radio Arman, a
Arman is one of the leading
BBC has recently launched a new programme called Barayee Afghanistan for Afghanistan, targeting Afghan audience with contains about Afghanistan. BBC is also available on FM in most parts of the country.