Creating Green Wealth Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra

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A K Nigam

Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra Limited (FDCM Ltd), Nagpur was incorporated as a wholly owned Government Company of State of Maharashtra, under the Companies Act, 1956 on 16th February 1974. The company runs its business under the directions of Board of Directors (BOD), the Chairman of which is normally the Honorable Minister of Forests. Managing Director is one of the Directors, who is the Key Managerial Personnel appointed by the Government of Maharashtra and belongs to Indian Forest Service, in the rank of Principal Chief Conservator of Forests.

• To develop land acquired by the Company in the State of Maharashtra for forest resources, by raising thereon plantations of economically important species like teak, bamboo and such other suitable species.
• To maintain, conserve, protect, and preserve plants, crops, trees raised or come up naturally on the lands leased or owned by the Company.
• To undertake maintenance, preservation, protection and development of the existing fauna.
• To carry on business of felling, converting, marketing, processing, standardizing, grading, distributing and selling the forest products naturally or otherwise grown or raised on the lands leased or owned by the Company.

Green Wealth
Since 1990, FDCM Ltd is rendering its services in raising plantations on turnkey basis, on the area offered by various agencies. Some of such agencies are Western Coalfield Ltd, National Highway Authority of India, National Thermal Power Company Ltd, Karnataka Emta Ltd, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Mumbai, Bruhan Mumbai Municipal Corporation & Pimpri – Chinchwad Municipal Corporation etc. Till now, about 370 projects have been taken up, raising about 60 lakh successful plants, covering an area of 2500 hectare.

Forest Cover & Medicinal Plants
FDCM Ltd presently, has about 3.67 lakh hectare of forest land on lease from Government of Maharashtra. Out of which, FDCM Ltd has successfully converted about 1.45 lakh ha. of low value forests into world class teak forests of genetically superior quality. Other than teak plantations, company has also undertaken quality miscellaneous plantations on 1.75 lakh ha. as per site demand. In all, since inception FDCM has raised plantations over 5 lakh ha., part of which has been returned to Forest Department & other agencies. ISO – 9001 – 2000 certificate has been accorded to FDCM Ltd., in the field of production of quality teak seeds, teak stumps and teak seedlings. Amongst the ongoing turnkey projects, important ones are WCL’s 300 ha plantation under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Pimpari Chinchwad Municipal Corporation’s project of 150 ha and beautification of Kundal Academy of Administration and Management. FDCM Ltd has been entrusted with the task of Medicinal Plant conservation & development, including its production, collection, processing, storage and marketing etc. in collaboration with Government of India and Government of Maharashtra. Medicinal plant wing is headed by CGM, an officer in the rank of Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF).

Bio-Diversity & Endangered Wildlife
FDCM Ltd was entrusted with the task of developing Bio-diversity Park in 29 ha area, provided at Rajbhavan premises at Nagpur. It was successfully accomplished and maintained by FDCM. FDCM Ltd. received the citation of merit from Honourable Governor of Maharashtra for this work. FDCM Ltd has been entrusted with prestigious & challenging task of establishing International Standard Zoo and Rescue Centre at Gorewada Forests on 1914 ha forest and 25.57 ha non-forest land in the heart of Nagpur City under Public Private Partnership of financing, forming a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) of FDCM Ltd and Joint Venture Private investor. FDCM Ltd has accepted this responsibility and working hard to achieve the objective.

While the required permissions for Zoo from the Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA) and the Honorable Supreme Court of India have already been received, Master Plan for the same has also been submitted to Govt. of Maharashtra. After approval from Central Zoo Authority the creation of Zoo will get a kick start. Rescue Centre is now already at completion stage. FDCM Ltd has a reason to boast for its contribution in the field of conservation of endangered wildlife, creation of wildlife awareness and promotion of ecotourism. For wild animal care and treatment FDCM Ltd, we have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Science University (MAFSU) Nagpur, which will also produce high class veterinarians, specialized in wild animals.

Government of Maharashtra has entrusted the task of promoting Ecotourism activities at several complexes, in and around Protected Areas, i.e. Moharli and Kolara at Tadoba – Andhari Tiger Reserve, Nawegaon, Pitezari, Nagzjra and Navegaon in Navegaon – Nagzira Tiger Reserve, Bor at Bor Sanctuary and Semadoh and Kolkaz in Melghat Tiger Reserve in collaboration with Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation and Forest Department. FDCM Ltd is successfully catering to the needs of eco tourists and providing quality services.

FDCM Ltd is also religiously protecting the wildlife and developing the habitat for their conservation that is why one can find various wild animals including tiger, leopard, bear, wild dog, bison, deer, sambhar, wild boar, a number of birds, reptiles, insects and numerous wild and natural plants in area of operation under FDCM Ltd. Reservation for accommodation & safaris for Eco-tourism facilities has already started online. Two years before people had immensely benefitted in terms of service selection by way of period, availability, site and number etc. It gives them the opportunity to choose from several options. It has improved visitor satisfaction. Use of public information system, website, display boards is frequently done.

FDCM Ltd is making profit continuously since 1988-89. It is one of the most well managed companies which is regularly audited and accredited by competent authorities including CAG. All the provisions of Company Act are carefully followed in the company. While pursuing these activities, FDCM Ltd is not lagging behind in adopting recent management tools and technological up-gradation in its day to day business. All offices are fully equipped with computer, related accessories and are applying IT & ICT fairly well. Various software are used in this regard for easy & quick decision making and delivery of the goods & services. We are ahead in the queue of e-governance. Though we have lot of old staff, continuous training and monitoring from top to bottom level, has helped in technological improvement. Though FDCM Ltd is not primarily a recruiting agency, it was asked to recruit 47 Range Forest Officer, who are class II gazetted officers. FDCM Ltd adapted to the roles of MPSC and the recruitment of RFO was conducted with the help of information technology in an absolutely fair & transparent manner.

We are in process of implementing e-governance and paperless government in true sense and hope that it will be a reality, when we shift our office to own premises, which will be very modern green building and at the moment, it is under construction.

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