I am sharing with you all a glimpse of the kind of threats we face and how do you take care of this scenario. Now let us talk first about the bad guys. By saying ‘Bad guys’ mean the hackers who are attacking computer systems worldwide. But who are they? They can be part of any country’s forces. They can be part of organized gangs. In fact they are organized like any other big company. For example I can mention that 15 million computers were affected by a particular botnet and they were controlling and passing 40 billion spam emails everyday during 2006-2011. This particular botnet was neutralized by Microsoft. There are also some groups who do this only for the sake of fun. So we have different kinds of people who are attacking our systems. In the Indian context, I can say that our country stands much higher than the world average in terms of cyber threat occurrences. Monitoring of systems, network and infrastructure, educating people, specially people working in the government departments, strong authentication are some of the important measures we advice.