In three months flat, g-governance or geo-governance will be the mantra for Delhi, which involves complete mapping of the city apart from real-time monitoring of ground situation.
The complete mapping of Delhi overground and underground will ensure utility map of the city for the first time through aerial photographs. Real-time monitoring of the ground situation throughout the city will also be done with the help of 64 wireless internet protocol cameras. Thirty one departments and agencies will be able to access this data in real time.
This means there will now be real-time pictorial evidence of whether PWD has actually repaired a road for which money was given, whether BRT is really a traffic mess and where exactly is a construction agency likely to hit the underground pipeline of a utility. For disaster management it will have wide-ranging implications and will mean that the entire relief and rescue operations can be coordinated just sitting in one control room. For traffic operations, the data can be used to monitor status of the intelligent traffic signals and ease vehicle movement.
The INR 120 crore project called the Delhi State Spatial Data Infrastructure project commenced in March 2008 and is in the last stages of completion. It is being done by the Delhi government along with Survey of India (SOI). According to IT Secretary Savitur Prasad, two control rooms – one at Delhi Secretariat and other at SOI office – will start operating in three months along with the 10 monitoring centres that will be distributed all over the city.
There will be Wimax connectivity between the cameras and the various control/monitoring centres. 'This is the first time in the country that a state government is taking such a step to aid governance. The basic data is in place, the aerial photographs have been taken and most of the utilities mapped with the help of a terravision instrument that can read upto 30 feet underground. We are ready to install the cameras,' Prasad added.
According to Chief Secretary Rakesh Mehta, this is 'dynamic data' that departments will need to learn to use creatively to suit their own needs. 'There have been instances when the same stretch of road has been concretised again and again and false bills have been submitted to the government. With g-governance in place, this won't be possible,' said Mehta. The data will be made available after superimposition of the aerial photographs on the footage obtained from IP cameras to make it as realistic as possible.
Each of the nine administrative districts will have seven cameras, installed atop the seven tallest buildings in the area. The work of identifying these buildings has been completed for the New Delhi district. Each camera can give precision pictures of objects upto a distance of 5 km and cost INR 5 lakh.
The database, according to Prasad will also be crucial in deciding land disputes by collating a visual database that will form the backbone of the digitised land records that Delhi is moving towards. It will eventually contribute to the formation of a land information system and also help in detecting the status of various water bodies including the Yamuna.
There will be centralised storage of the data and all government departments will be able to access it through the intranet with the help of passwords.