The diverse land of India has diverse states. Since the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) was implemented in 2006, Indian states have tried to reap the benefits of electronic governance in their various spheres of activities. Some of the states took some great initiatives to bring smart governance into force. Grappling with their own unique set of problems and challenges, some of the states emerged as champions in the speedy implementation of e-Governance, while some others proved to be the promising front runners. Acknowledging such states, egov discusses the 5 egov emerging states which one should look forward to in the years to come.
The state has undergone statewide computerisation of registry offices. Bihar has also started its land record computerisation called “Bhu-Abhilekh”. Patna High Court happens to be the first court in India to be computersied, done way back in 1990-91. The government of Bihar has some innovative ways of saving money through the usage of ICT. Moreover, the state has computerised all its treasuries. Another e-Governance project which has caught the eye of many is Jaankari. A brain child of the Chief Minister of Bihar
Chhattisgarh has several fi rsts to its credit in terms of e-Governance. The Chhattisgarh Online information system for Citizen Empowerment (CHOiCE) is a revolutionary approach to citizen services and provides one stop solution for anywhere-anytime government. A Geographical Information System (GIS) having 70 layers for land records in the state is being initiated based on data retrieved from satellites. Natural resource mapping has been carried out on 1:50,000 scales based on satellite imageries and digital processing. Chhattisgarh is also proud to have the largest WiMAX 802.16d deployment under the Asia e-Procurement project which automates the whole purchase cycle in the entire state and major works departments. The state has digitised its entire treasury operation and the commercial tax.
“Chhattisgarh is the largest WiMAX 802.16d deployment in Asia which connects 3000 government offi ces in the state through its state wide area network“
Delhi embarked on the IT path way back in 1995-96 when it computerised its Transport and Sales Tax Department. Being the hub of political activity, the state announced its IT policy in August 2000 with the objective of using IT as an enabler for the people. The city has over 34 Citizen Service Bureaus (CSBs) which are functional. The city has facilities for online payment of electricity, water bills, property taxes, application for ration cards, and various other certifi cates. Delhi Police plans to bring in electronic round-the-clock surveillance in bustling marketplaces and other sensitive and vulnerable places where terrorist strikes are at high risk. On the other hand, Delhi High Court is planning to install Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) in the court premises to promote e-Filing of cases. To the driver’s delight, Delhi has started computerisation of learner’s driving licence test.
“The city will soon have over 2000 Government to Citizen (G2C) kiosks called “Aapke Dwar”. The project is under the Delhi Municipal Corporation in the municipal limits of the national capital”
Under the state-owned Goa Broad Band Network (GBBN), Optical Fibre Cables (OFC) have already been laid to provide connectivity to 189 Village Panchayats, 143 Lok Seva Kendras, all talukas and district headquarters with the state portal. Currently, 28 CSCs are operational providing various B2C services. Government of Goa through its Tourism Department has already set up surveillance cameras on beaches in order to enable monitoring. Also, government of Goa is in process of expanding surveillance system across the state, starting with the integrated border check-posts. Some of the major e-Governance projects in the pipeline for the year 2009 are asset management, Geographical Information System, IT Knowledge Centre, State Portal and State Service Delivery Gateway (SSDG), Cyber Treasury, and On-line payment of Government dues.
“Under the state-owned Goa Broad Band Network (GBBN) Optical Fibre Cables (OFC) have already been laid to provide connectivity to 189 Village Panchayats, 143 Lok Seva Kendras, all talukas and district headquarters with the state portal”
All the treasuries of the state are already computerised. They also have their pay rolls being completely digitised. They are in fact the fi rst state in the country to do so. On November 9, 2006, the state launched its Citizen Centric Land Records Website of Uttarakhand – “Dev-bhoomi” – which aims at making online the entire Land Records Data of all the 13 districts of the state. The portal consists data of about 16,618 revenue villages. It is also worth mentioning that the Aarohi project brought computers to villages. Project Aarohi’s aim is to impart basic computer education to all government and government-aided schools, from classes VI-XII. The monthly cost to the student is Rs 10. Uder this project government aims to provide four computers to every school in the state.
“Understanding the need for capacity building, the state is running a project called ‘Saksham’ whereby all the 55,000 government employees will be trained in basic skills and computer literacy“