Under an e-Governance project called 'Bhoomi', all 20 million land records of 6.7 million land owners in 176 taluks of Karnataka have been computerised. This system works with the software called 'BHOOMI' designed by National Informatics Center (NIC). While the project is largely funded by Government of India, some critical components of this project are funded by State Government as well.
Bhoomi as a comprehensive software provides for printing of land records as and when required. It incorporates process of online updation to ensure that the Record of Rights, Crops & Tenancy (RTC) provided to the farmers is in sync with the time. The manual land records in operationalised taluks have been declared illegal. This is a fully online system to carry out mutations on land records data. All the mutations to the land records database are done on the computer itself so as to ensure that data on computer remain current with time.
It incorporates the bio-logon metrics system from Compaq, which authenticates various users on the Bhoomi software on the basis of fingerprints. This ensures that no body can hack the system by imitating other users. This software also has the provision of scanning of original mutation orders of the revenue inspector, (who is the authorised person to pass orders in the mutations in the field), and notices served to interested parties. Both documents are scanned to ensure that not only responsibility can be fixed on Officials by showing the original documents signed by them, but also to ensure that the interested parties do not claim in the court that they were not served with the notice before effecting the mutation. The software enables the administrators to generate various reports based on type of soil, land holding size, type of crops grown etc. This information would enable administrators to take informed policy decision.
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