Most of the developing countries' population is amongst the poorest in the world [
Education in developing countries is suffering from the low ratio of enrolment to the higher education. For example it is 4.61 per cent in Africa, and a low ratio of the public spending on education as a percentage of the GDP is about 4 per cent in
e-Learning is a groundbreaking paradigm shift in the field of learning that provides high-speed access to knowledge and information anytime and anywhere. This happens through a wide range of electronic learning solutions such as web-based courseware, discussion groups, live virtual classes, video and audio, web chat, simulations and mentoring. e-Learning encompasses the knowledge management and electronic performance support for the beneficiaries. e-Learning is a solution to many of human development problems. Unfortunately, this solution is not very feasible, as it seems to be. e-Learning is facing lot of obstacles and challenges in developing countries.
In spite of the importance of e-Learning to the African countries as an important tool for the human development in the continent, e-Learning is facing increased challenges in almost all the countries of the continent (except for Egypt and South Africa). Those challenges can be summarised as follows:
The number of main lines in Africa (as an example for the least developing countries) grew about 9 per cent per year between 1995 and 2001, although the overall fixed line tele-density as of 2001 is still only about 1 in 40 inhabitants, and 1 in 130 in sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa). The effective annual increase in lines is only 6 per cent Much of the existing infrastructure in